The sanctions would be the fifth round imposed on North Korea since the country’s first nuclear test in 2006. The sanctions are aimed at reining in the North’s nuclear and missile development, but Pyongyang has ignored them and moved ahead with programs to modernize its ballistic missiles and nuclear weapons.
The Security Council held an emergency meeting after North Korea announced its first hydrogen bomb test, which would mark a major advance for its still-limited nuclear arsenal. The announcement was met with skepticism, however, with South Korea’s spy agency saying the estimated explosive yield from the explosion was much smaller than what even a failed H-bomb detonation would produce.
The Security Council said North Korea’s actions were a “clear violation” of the four previous sanctions resolutions “and therefore a clear threat to international peace and security continues to exist.”
The U.N.’s most powerful body said it had pledged to take “further significant measures” — U.N. code for sanctions — in the event of another test and would begin work immediately on a new sanctions resolution in light of “the gravity of this violation.”
Related: How an H-bomb differs from an A-bomb
British Ambassador Matthew Rycroft said the test is another example of Pyongyang’s “reckless challenge to international norms of behaviour and the authority of the U.N. Security Council.”
U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, a former South Korean foreign minister, called North Korea’s announcement “profoundly destabilizing for regional security.” Ban demanded that Pyongyang cease any further nuclear activities.
The council last approved sanctions against North Korea three weeks after Pyongyang’s third nuclear test on Feb. 12, 2013.
U.N. diplomats, speaking on condition of anonymity because talks have been private, said a new resolution would aim to add more people to the sanctions list, including those linked to a key procurement company, and limit the travel of senior North Korean officials.
How tough the new sanctions will be depends largely on China, North Korea’s neighbour and traditional ally. The 2013 sanctions resolution was co-sponsored by China and the United States.
Ukraine’s U.N. envoy said none of the 15 Security Council members spoke out against imposing new sanctions against North Korea during the closed-door meeting.
Ambassador Volodymyr Yelchenko told reporters that China said nothing in the meeting beyond its “standard” comments on North Korea’s nuclear situation. China did not comment to reporters after the meeting.
Russian Ambassador Vitaly Churkin said what is needed is “Cool heads … Proportionate response.” He said it would be going “too far” to say that Russia supports more sanctions against North Korea.
New Zealand Ambassador Gerard van Bohemen said he hoped there would be new sanctions.
Japan’s U.N. Ambassador Motohide Yoshikawa said the Security Council will hurt its credibility if it fails to swiftly adopt a new resolution imposing “significant” new measures against Pyongyang.
He would not go into detail on what kinds of punitive measures Japan would like to see, saying that must be discussed among the council’s 15 members.