systemic racism

A woman embraces her son during a protest against the death in Minneapolis police custody of George Floyd, in St Louis, Missouri (Lawrence Bryant/Reuters)

How the nuclear family structure was forced upon present-day Black families

Andray Domise: This structure not only eroded the modes that Africans had long thrived on and carried out in their tradition, it drove the production of social and environmental ruin
Sol Mamakwa, NDP MPP for Kiiwetinoong, stands in the Legislature during Question Period, in Toronto on Nov. 6, 2019. (Chris Young/CP)

’As a First Nations MPP in Ontario...I cannot deny my loneliness.’

Sol Mamakwa: Every day I enter Queen’s Park, I see paintings of Queen Elizabeth, the faces of former premiers, and speakers of the house. I see them, but they don’t see me.
Ravyn Wngz is a member of Black Lives Matter Toronto (Jalani Morgan)

’As a queer, trans and Afro-Indigenous woman, I believed that I could never be a representative of Black liberation’

Ravyn Wngz: On July 18, Black Lives Matter Toronto held an art demonstration that involved painting and stencilling three racist statues in pink. To me, the colour pink represents life—vibrant, bold and free.
Clockwise from bottom left: Liz Ikiriko, Karina Vernon, Máiri McKenna Edwards, Kara Stewart-Agostino, and Melanie Carrington. (Photograph by Gillian Mapp)

’I don’t care whether All Lives Matter is said in ignorance—it’s just another example of racism’

Five Black women on their experiences of systemic racism within neighbourhoods across Canada
Téa Mutonji with her sister, Ornella (Nella) Mutonji

Dear sister: ’I wonder if my silence played a hand in your suffering’

’I had been conditioned to believe that racism was no longer real. So my approach to bullying and abuse has been to suck it up,’ writes Téa Mutonji in a letter to her sister. ’Now, I wonder if I should have spoken out so that, seven years later, you didn’t experience it too.’
‘We can’t afford to blow this moment,’ Bailey says of the push brought on by Floyd’s death (Photograph by Kwaku Kufuor)

Listen to Donovan Bailey

Twenty-four years ago, the nation was unwilling to hear the Olympic hero’s message. It matters more than ever as Canadians finally confront their country’s own racist history. “We can’t afford to blow this moment," he says.
Lewis is the first-ever woman of colour to be seeking the Conservative leadership (Photograph by Dimitri Aspinall)

‘I don’t hide who I am’: Leslyn Lewis’s pitch to conservative voters

She’s the first-ever woman of colour vying to lead the Tories and her platform emphasizes fairness within the Conservative Party, a pushback against political correctness and a repeal of Liberal policies
Allegretto con Bravura, handwritten sheet music by Calixa Lavallée. (Courtesy: Library and Archives Canada e011163931)

The hidden racist history of ’O Canada’

Laila El Mugammar: Every time I stand for the Canadian national anthem, I think about the song’s composer, who founded a blackface minstrel troupe. What does it mean to sing the melody of a man who wore me as a costume?
New York police on motorcycles wrap a demonstration in fog to prevent the demonstrators at the march-past in front of a building in which President Herbert Hoover is speaking in New York, 1930. (Photo by Imagno/Hulton Archive/Getty)

How the Anti-Saloon League, responsible for Prohibition, shaped modern racist policing

Prohibition created the perfect storm for the mass incarceration of ethnic minorities, who’d been driven into the contraband trade through inequality of economic opportunity, then zealously policed for being involved
Hal Johnson (Photograph by Brianna-Roye)

Hal Johnson: ’Yes, there is systemic racism in Canada’

For my entire life I’ve had to conform to society in order to succeed. I’ve become a chameleon. Change will happen when the people in power are no longer afraid to put people of colour in key decision-making roles.